Tie-Breaker Help Guide - QuickScores.com (2023)

Tie-Breakers are the rules and criterion that dictate team standings. Typicallyseveral tie-breaker criterion are specified to be applied in sequence inorder to unambiguously determine each team's standing. Well-known tie-breakercriterion include winning percentage, games back and head-to-head comparisons,but oftentimes it is necessary to rely on lesser known criterion such ascommon opponents and schedule strength. And when all else fails, the traditionalcoin flip can come into play.

Different sports use different scoring units. Softball and baseball use "runs",soccer uses "goals", and basketball uses "points". For the remainder of this help screen,the term "runs" will be used as the scoring unit, but it should be understood that the same tiebreaking concepts apply regardless of the sport and its particular scoring units.

QuickScores provides 25 different tie-breaker criterion and allows the leagueadministrator to specify up to 12 different criterion in a specific orderof application. Most leagues will only need five or six different criterion.On the organization's Setup page, the administrator can define a differenttie-breaker sequence for each sport. When a tie-breaker sequence is submittedon the Setup page, that sequence is instantly applied to all existing leaguesof that sport and that sequence is used to initialize any future leaguesof that sport. On a particular league's Options page, the administrator maychoose to override the tie-breaker criterion for that one league.

The standings table at the top of the league will always display the teamnames and the number of wins, losses and ties. The league administrator specifieswhich of the tie-breaker criterion are displayed in the standings table.Associated with each tie-breaking criterion is a selector that indicateswhether the results from that criterion should Always be displayed,Never be displayed, or displayed As Needed, meaning that criterionwas needed to break a tie in the standings.

The following defines the 20 available tie-breaking criterion.

Games Back

Describes where a team standsrelative to the best team in the league. The best team in the league isthe team with the largest difference between the number of winsand losses, and is defined as being zero games back.The number of games back is the number of times a team would need to beatthe leader in order to be tied with the leader in the standings.The Games Back number may include halves. If, for example, a team is 1.5 gamesback of the leader, beating the leader once will put this team just behind the leader,while beating the leader twice will put this team ahead of the leader.

Winning Percentage

The number of wins plus half the number of ties, divided by the total number of games.

Team A: 3-0-1 (one tie) = .875 winning percentage
Team B: 3-1-0 (one loss) = .750

Note: If two teams are tied on Winning Percentage and have played a different number of games,the Games Back tiebreaker is used as a mini-breaker. Thus, a team at 4-0 will be placed ahead of a team at 3-0,because the team at 3-0 is considered .5 games back.

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A comparison of two or more tied teams based on who has won or lost whenplaying against each other. Games played against non-tied teams are ignored.If a team is not tied, its head-to-head (HTH) column is blank.If two or more teams are tied, but the HTH algorithm cannot determine how to rank the teams,then the HTH column will show "--".If teams are tied and enough games have been played to make conclusions, each team will be assigned a HTH numbersuch as 1, 2, or 3. In ambiguous situations, such as the circular case of A beating B, B beating C, and C beatingA, all of the teams will receive the same HTH number.

QuickScores offers four different Head-To-Head algorithms.

(1) HTH - Our recommended version that is used by a large majority of our clients.

(2) HTH Two Only - Only rank teams if two teams are tied.

(3) HTH All Play - Only rank teams if all tied teams have played all other tied teams.

(4) HTH Group - Rank teams based on winning percentage against the group of tied teams.

To understand the details of how QuickScores calculates the HTH rankings for any number of tied teams, and to understandthe differences between the different algorithms,download this paper.

Head-To-Head Run Differential

This criterion calculates the total run differential, limited by the Max Differential parameter, for games played between pairs of tied teams, and determines which is the better team. After doing such a calculation for all possible pairs of tied teams, the Head-To-Head algorithm is applied. This criterion is most useful when two teams are tied, they have played each other more than once, and each team has won at least once. This tie-breaker rewards the team that has wonby the larger margin.

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Head-To-Head Run Differential2

This criterion uses the total run differential, limited by the Max Differential parameter, for games played between the tied teams. The larger the number the better.

Total Run Differential

Essentially the total number of runs scored by this team in all games, minus the total number of runs scored by the team's opponent in all games. Some league administrators are hesitant to use Run Differential as a tie-breaker because it could encourage dominant teams to run up the score on weaker opponents. To counter this tendency, the administrator can specify a MaxDifferential, which is the maximum number on the run differential that can be earned in any single game. For example, if the Max Differential is set to 10, the winning team gains no advantage by running the lead up to more than 10 games. If the Max Differential value is set to zero, there are no limits and the run differential in a game will be tallied no matter how large it is. The higher the number the better.

Average Run Differential

The total run differential as described above, divided by the number of games played. The higher the number the better.

Total Runs For

The sum of all the runs scored by the team in all games. The higher the number the better.

Average Runs For

The sum of all the runs scored by the team in all games, divided by the numberof games played. The higher the number the better.

Adjusted Runs For

The sum of all the runs scored by the team in all games, but each game score is limited by the Max Differential parameter. The higher the number the better.

Total Runs Against

The sum of all runs scored by the team's opponent in all games. The lower the number the better.

Average Runs Against

The sum of all runs scored by the team's opponent in all games, divided bythe number of games played. The lower the number the better.

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Adjusted Runs Against

The sum of all the runs scored by the team's opponent in all games, but each game score is limited by the Max Differential parameter. The lower the number the better.

Total Calculated Points

Most commonly used in soccer and hockey, points can be assigned for a game won, a gamelost, a game tied, and for some number of runs/goals scored during the game. The higher the number the better.

The administrator has the option to manually adjust a team's points for whatever reason they see fit. Some clients give positive points if a team's coach attends the preseason coaches meeting. Other clients give negative points for on-field misbehavior, such as getting a red card in soccer.

Common Opponents

A comparison of teams based on their winning percentage against all common opponents.If the tied teams haven't played any common opponents, "--" will be displayed.

Common Opponents Differential

A comparison of teams based on their total run differential against all common opponents. If the tied teams haven't played any common opponents, "--" will be displayed.

Strength of Schedule (SOS)

If two teams have identical records and one team achieved that record having played several very tough opponents while the other team played several weak opponents, the team with the tougher opponents will be ranked higher.There are two different methods for calculating SOS.

SOS1 - The average winning percentage of all opponents played, calculated by adding up the total number of wins by all of a team's opponents and dividing by the total number of games played by those opponents. The higher the number the better. This is the formula used by the National Football League.

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SOS2 - This formula (formerly used by the college football BCS) goes a step deeper andtries to take into account both the strength of a team's opponents as well as the strength of their opponents'opponents. Refer to theWikipedia entryfor the exact formula.


A count of the number of games forfeited by a team. The smaller the number the better.


The number of games played where the opposing team had a zero score. The team with the larger number of shutouts is ranked higher.

Games Played

The total number of games played. This is usually paired with, and immediately following,the Calculated Points tie-breaker. The lower the Games Played number, the better.

Coin Flip

When all other tie-breakers fail to discriminate between two teams,a coin flip will always break a tie. Whenever a team is added to or deleted from a league,every team in the league is assigned a unique random number starting with a low of one.If two teams are tied and a coin flip tie-breaker must be used, whichever team has the lower randomnumber assigned to it wins. Because each team has a unique number, these pre-assigned coin flipnumbers work equally well if there are three or more teams tied. Although QuickScores automaticallycalculates the random coin flip numbers, the league administrator may override those computer-generatednumbers with the results of a physical coin flip. On a league's Options page, the administrator canmanually change the coin flip numbers, as shown in the sample table below.

Tie-Breaker Help Guide - QuickScores.com (1)

Using the "Value" input box, the administrator can manually reorder the teams' coin flip numbers.The Value input accepts decimal numbers and will automatically re-number the events with integer values after submission.For example, if you want the 4th item in a list to become the 2nd item, change the "4" to "1.5". After clicking "Save tiebreakers",the team with "1.5" will be re-numbered as "2" and all other teams will be moved down the list accordingly. With thisflexibility, the administrator can manually represent physical coin flips for any number of teams that may be tied.

Overriding the Standings

If the league administrator wishes to override the calculated league standings, he can click the Override checkbox at the top of the standings.He will then be presented with boxes where the desired order of ranking can be entered. After clicking "Save tiebreakers", the manual ranking will be shownto the public forever... until the manual rankings are changed or turned off.

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Tie-Breaker Help Guide - QuickScores.com (2)


How do you solve a tiebreaker? ›

The number of wins plus half the number of ties, divided by the total number of games. Note: If two teams are tied on Winning Percentage and have played a different number of games, the Games Back tiebreaker is used as a mini-breaker.

How do you play a 10 point tiebreaker? ›

Match Tiebreaker Scoring

Points are simply scored 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on. The first player or team to win 10 points by a two-point margin wins the match. If the score in the match tiebreaker becomes tied at 10 points, play continues until a player or team has a two-point lead.

How do you do a 7 point tiebreaker in tennis? ›


Players or teams switch ends of the court every six points (e.g. when the score is 4-2), and to score this tiebreak game, you use, “zero” “one”, “two”, “three”, etc. The first player or team to win seven points, by two, wins the tiebreak.

How do 3 way tie breakers work? ›

Breaking a tie between three or more teams
  1. Apply division tiebreaker to eliminate all but the highest-ranked club in each division prior to proceeding to step 2. ...
  2. Head-to-head sweep. ...
  3. Best win percentage in games played within the conference.
  4. Best win percentage in common games, minimum of four.
13 Dec 2021

What is the tiebreaker rule? ›

Tie-Breaker Rule for More Than One Person Claiming the. Same Qualifying Child on Their Return. When more than one person claims the same qualifying child on their tax return for the tax benefits below, the IRS will use the tie-breaker rule to determine which taxpayer is eligible for the benefits.

How does a 7 point tiebreaker work? ›

A '7 Point Tiebreak' simply means the first competitor to earn seven points with a two point advantage wins the game and more importantly the set. For instance, the final game score could be 7-0, 7-1, 7-2, 7-3, 7-4, or 7-5. Notice 7- 6 was not mentioned.

What is the new 10-point tiebreaker in tennis? ›

As of the 2022 U.S. Open, when a match reaches 6-6 in the deciding set, a 10-point tiebreaker will be played to determine the match. The first person to reach 10 points while holding a margin of two or more points wins the match.

Is a tie-break 7 or 10 points? ›

There are two kinds of tiebreaks that may be played in a match. A 7-point set tiebreak is played when the game count is tied during a set and a 10-point match tiebreak is played when each team has taken a set. “40”.

How do you win if both players have 10 points? ›

If both players have won 10 points, then the first player to get a 2 point lead wins the game. A match is the best of 5 games. The score begins at 0-0, and the server will serve first. Each player gets to serve for two points in a row, and then the other player has to serve.

Why do tennis points go from 15 to 30 to 40? ›

The Clock Face

It is believed that tennis scores in the very early days were shown on two clock faces. As each person scored, the clock face was moved around 25% or 15 minutes, from 15 to 30, then 45, and finally the win on 60.

What does a tennis score of 6 7 4 mean? ›

Such as in the example above being shown as 7-6(4), 6-4, 6-5. The number in parenthesis indicates the points accumulated by the player that lost the tiebreaker - which also allows you to know the other player won by either getting 7 points or by getting 2 more than the number shown in parenthesis.

Why is it 40 not 45 in tennis? ›

When the hand moved to 60, the game was over. However, in order to ensure that the game could not be won by a one-point difference in players' scores, the idea of "deuce" was introduced. To make the score stay within the "60" ticks on the clock face, the 45 was changed to 40.

At what time the rule of tie breaker is applied? ›

Through the tie-break rule, the profiles in the Express Entry pool are ranked based on the time and date that their profile was added to the pool. Simply put, the tie-break rule prioritizes those Express Entry profiles that have been in the pool longer.

How does head to head tie breaker work with 3 teams? ›

For example, if three teams are tied and head to head is the first tie breaker and all three teams have a 1-1 record against each other, so the head to head doesn't break any ties. The system will then go to the next tie breaker.

How many points do you play in a 12 point tiebreaker? ›

Scoring - Players receive one point for each point won. The tie-break winner is the first player to reach seven points provided there is margin of two points. If there is not a margin of two points, play continues until a two point margin is reached.

Who serves first after a tie-break? ›

The player whose turn it is to serve, shall serve the first point of the tie-break game. The player/team whose turn it was to serve first in the tie-break game shall be the receiver in the first game of the following set.

How do you play double tiebreaker? ›

Tie-Breaker: The first player to win 7 points (win by 2) will win the match. The tiebreaker will begin with the first server serving once from the deuce court. The next server will serve twice, starting in the ad court. Service will then alternate after every two points.

What is the maximum amount of points that someone can get during tie breakers? ›

Tie-breaks in singles are always to 7 points in tournament or league play. However, in doubles, when the set score is 1-1, a 10-point tiebreaker is often played.

Is 7/5 a tie break? ›

Even though the tiebreak is played first to seven, it's officially referred to as a 12-point tiebreak because it is the best of 12 points won by two (7-5). Winning this tiebreaker makes the game score of the set 7-6, and the player wins the set at seven games.

How many points is a final tie break? ›

A tiebreak works as a special game to decide the winner of a tie between two tennis players. Once a set is tied at 6 games to 6, players start the tiebreak and the first player to score seven points wins the tiebreak and the set.

What is the 5th set tie-break rule? ›

Instead of the former Wimbledon structure where the winner of a fifth set tie-break is determined by the first player to take a two game advantage after ending the final set 6-6, the winner will now be decided by the first player to reach 10 points with a margin of two clear points.

How do you win a super tiebreaker in tennis? ›

In order to win a 10-point tiebreaker, you must be the first player to win 10 points. You do not have to win 10 consecutive points, but you do have to win by a margin of at least two. In other words, if players reach a score of 9-9, play will continue until one of the players wins two points in a row.

Why is it 15 0 in tennis? ›

"Love" means zero. In tennis, the server's score is given first, so "love-fifteen" means the server has no points, the opponent has fifteen. The score in a tennis game progresses from love to fifteen to thirty to forty to game. If both players achieve forty then it's called a deuce.

Why is it called a 12-point tiebreak? ›

1. 12-point tiebreaker. Even though this tiebreaker is played first to seven, it's officially referred to as a “12-point tiebreak” game because it is the best of 12 points won by two (7-5). Winning this tiebreaker makes the game score of the set 7-6, and the player wins the set at seven games.

What is a 12-point tie-break? ›

The first player to win 7 points by a margin of 2 wins the set by 7-6. This is the 12-point tie breaker.

What is the number 1 rule in playing the game? ›

1. Respect Your Opponent. Undoubtedly, the most important rule in all sports is that you must always show respect towards your opponents when playing in any type of sporting event. The people that you are playing against are not your enemies, and should be treated like any other person.

Is there any 7 0 rule in badminton? ›

There is no such rule in Badminton. I have seen many international matches which have surpassed 7-0, a few of them going till 12-0 also. Sadly, there is no 'Cricinfo' for Badminton for putting any references for the same.

What is 40 all also called in tennis? ›

If they tie at 40 it's called a deuce. From that tie the next person to get a point has the advantage, but generally has to win by two points — that is, to score twice in a row — to win the game.

Why do they say love in tennis? ›

The origins of 'love' as a score lie in the figure zero's resemblance to an egg. In sport, it's common to refer to a nil or nought score as a duck or goose egg, and the French word for egg is l'oeuf - the pronunciation of which isn't too far removed from the English 'love'.

What is the hardest surface to win on in tennis? ›

Clay courts take away many of the advantages of a big serve, making it harder for serve-based players to dominate on the surface.

How good is a 7.0 tennis player? ›

A tennis rating of a 7.0 indicates the player plays professionally at tournament and makes a living from tournament prize money. While it may take time to move from one tennis rating to another it is important to make sure to use proper body mechanics to reduce the risk of injury setting a player back.

What is it called when you win 6 0 in tennis? ›

The term bagel in tennis is slang that refers to the score of 6-0. Tennis players use the word bagel to represent the score of zero because it resembles the shape of a bagel.

Is a 4.0 a good tennis player? ›

4.0 This player has dependable strokes, including directional intent, on both forehand and backhand sides on moderate shots, plus the ability to use lobs, overheads, approach shots and volleys with some success. This player occasionally forces errors when serving and teamwork in doubles is evident.

How do you say zero in tennis? ›

In tennis, love is a word that represents a score of zero, and has been used as such since the late 1800s. It's not perfectly clear how this usage of love came to be, but the most accepted theory is that those with zero points were still playing for the "love of the game" despite their losing score.

Why do some tennis players say 5 instead of 15? ›

It's just a slang term. Some players also like to just use the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 4 in place of 15, 30, 40 and deuce. They'll say "4 all" instead of deuce or 3-2 instead of 40-30.

What country invented tennis? ›

Spectacular, played today on all kinds of surfaces by tens of millions of people, for fun or in competition, tennis has spread all over the world. Designed and codified in England in the 1870s, it is the direct descendant of jeu de paume, invented in France in the 11th century.

How do you resolve a tie in golf? ›

The winner in a tie is the player with the best score for the back 9 holes on the scorecard (irrespective of starting hole), then the last 6, last 3 and last 1. If a tie is not resolved on the back 9, the count-back continues on the last 6, 3, and 1 on the front 9.

Do you change ends after a tiebreak? ›

During a tie break, you change ends when the score adds up to 6 or multiples thereof, ie at 4-2, 6-6 and so on. When the games add up to six, whoever is serving will have served one point from one end and will serve his or her second serve from the other. You always change ends at the end of tie break.

How do tiebreakers work in golf? ›

PGA Championship tiebreaker rules

In the PGA Championship, there is a three-hole playoff among any golfers tied for the 72-hole lead. At the end of the three holes, whoever has the lowest aggregate score is the winner. If there is still a tie after those holes, the golfers will move to sudden death until a golfer wins.

Who wins if there is a tie in golf? ›

The tied participants play one extra hole at a time, with those still tied for the lowest score moving on to the next hole until a winner has been determined. All regular PGA Tour and European Tour tournaments use this system (except for The Players Championship starting in 2014), as does the Masters Tournament.

How do you break a tie in a golf scramble? ›

In the event of a tie in score, a hole's number will be drawn at random and the team recording the lowest score on that hole will be declared the winner.

Who starts the second set after a tiebreak? ›

The player who served the last game before the tie break will serve the first game of the next set. From the ITF 2017 Rules of Tennis book: The player whose turn it is to serve shall serve the first point of the tie-break game.

Is a tiebreak to 7 or 10? ›

The scoring system for a tiebreak is completely different from that of a typical game. In a tiebreak, instead of keeping score by “15,” “30,” “40,” etc., points are awarded by “1,” “2,” “3,” etc. In order to win the tiebreak, the first player or team to win 7 points by at least 2 points wins the set 7-6.


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